Surface of the Earth

Duration: 2½ Weeks /8 ¾ Hours
NS CAPS, Page 43

After completion of Topic 2, learners will be able to: 

  • Explain what the surface of the earth consists of (the crust) and what it is made up of (soil and rock).
  • List the elements that support life on earth (soil, air, water, sunlight).
  • Explain how soil is formed from rocks.

Content and Concepts: Please select a sub-category below.

toolsYou will need


  • Computer
  • Data projector
  • Speakers
  • Internet connection

Powerpoints and Photocopies

Available on category pages
  • Factsheets
  • Quizzes
  • Worksheets


  • Cement brick
  • Bottle of vinegar
  • 2L cooldrink bottles (2 per group of 6 – 8 learners)
  • Container of soil
  • Plant in potted soil
  • Various rocks and sand samples for a classroom display