After the presentation, ask learners to share what their favourite foods are.
Ask them if they thought that these foods are healthy and good for them.
Tell them that they will discover the important ingredients in different types of food today.
Tell learners that food can be classified into four groups – we call these food groups or nutrient groups.
Ask them if they have ever heard of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils and vitamins and minerals.
Give an opportunity to learners to share where they have heard or seen these terms, e.g. on television advertisement, on food labels, in magazines, etc.
Learner Activity 1
Stick labels, bearing the names of the four food groups, alongside each other on the blackboard. Leave sufficient space to add pictures of foods belonging to a particular food group underneath each label.
Place large pictures of different types of food face-down on the front table.
Guide the learners on how to undertake this activity by providing examples and explaining how this worksheet will be assessed.
Teacher Input 4
Ask learners who of them like milkshakes.
Ask them what flavours they like most, e.g. chocolate, vanilla, strawberry, lime, etc.
Now ask them what the colour of each of the milkshake is, e.g. chocolate – brown; strawberry – pink, etc.
Now ask the learners:
Do you think that you can get a strawberry or banana milkshake that is white?
Will it taste the same?
What is an additive?
Explain that food manufacturers add different ingredients to the food to make it taste and look nicer (more attractive).
These ingredients are preservatives (that help the food to stay fresh longer); flavourings and colourings, salt and sugar. All of these added ingredients are called ‘additives’.
Processed food, such as hamburger patties and chicken nuggets, contain a lot of preservatives, sugars and salt. Tomato sauce, mustard and chutney contain a lot of sugar and colourings. That is why takeaways (fast foods) are not good for our bodies.